Goliath grouper

The Goliath grouper, which was earlier known as the Jewfish, belong to the grouper family and is considered one of the largest fish species of Osteichthyes (bony fish). They can be found in tropical waters.

These fishes are large saltwater fishes, and they weigh about 800 pounds (363kg) and can measure lengths of 2.5m (8.2ft).

The Goliath groupers are known to be very territorial, and they make a rumbling sound when threatened. The oldest living Goliath grouper?s lifespan was recorded at 37 years. However, these fishes are expected to live even longer.


The Goliath grouper has a range of colors from brownish-yellow to grey to greenish. They have dark spots or small black dots on their fins, head, and body, making it easy to hide in their natural surroundings.

The head of the Goliath grouper is wide with small eyes, and they also have a thick, elongated body and a rounded snout.

Habitat and Lifestyle

The Goliath Grouper loves the tropical oceans and seas, and they usually live in depths of 150 feet.

These fishes are found around the world. The western Atlantic Ocean from northeastern parts of Florida to the south to brazil. The Goliath grouper can also be found throughout the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean sea.

The groupers feed on octopuses, young sea turtles, and crustaceans.

Finding and Catching

This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.

Goliath Groupers usually stay in warm shallow waters with a temperature of 38-66 degrees Fahrenheit.

The adult Goliath groupers are found in the muddy, rock, and coral bottoms of the tropical seas and oceans. They can also be found near and around docks and in deep holes. However, the juveniles prefer brackish estuaries, mangroves, and near oyster bays.

You only need a heavy rod, a reel, and a hook to catch a Goliath. However, some people prefer handlining.

Peak Season

Generally, May-October is considered as peak season.

Best Bait

  • Catfish.
  • Squid.
  • Crab.
  • Octopus.