European perch, also known as common perch, is the national fish in Finland. It belongs to the Precidae family and is found in the freshwaters of Northern Asia and Europe.
This fish can live up to 22 years and grow as long as 24 inches. The typical length of this perch is 10 inches, weighing up to 2lbs.
It can weigh more depending on the availability of food and habitat.
This perch is covered with small scales and has a laterally compressed body. It has two dorsal fins which are separated.
It has a greenish body, a white belly, and small, sharp teeth. The sides of the body have dark vertical bars between five to eight.
When the perch matures, a hump protrudes between its dorsal fin and head.
Habitat and Lifestyle
European perch prefers clear water with a good amount of light. It can also survive both in brackish and fresh waters. Additionally, it has good resistance against salinity in water and acidity.
It is found in slow-moving rivers, medium-sized streams, lakes, and lagoons. The average depth that a perch can dwell is 13ft. Sometimes, it can go as deep as 98 ft. It prefers water temperatures ranging between 50F-72F.
Finding and Catching
This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.
Lakes, rivers, and lagoons are some of the common places to catch European perch. It also habitats in weirs and dams.
This fish feeds on snails, aquatic insects, crustaceans, and worms. Juveniles feed on benthic prey and planktonic invertebrates.
Ice fishing and fly fishing are effective methods to catch European perch.
European perch are available all year round. However, the best time to fish is after spawning. April and May are the best months to catch this perch.
The list below are the best baits to catch European perch:
- Raw squid
- Marsh worms