Cutthroat trout

Scientifically known as Oncorhynchus Clarkii, Cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. It?s a freshwater fish and is often considered very large as fishes in this water type are smaller.

It weighs 40 pounds with an average length of 12-15 inches. This fish is also known by several names, including lake trout, coastal cutthroat, sea trout, etc.

Cutthroat trout are found mostly in mountain streams, rivers, and shallow cold waters.


Cutthroat trout have various color variations and sizes. It varies from yellow to olive in color. The ones that live in the sea have a blue or silver color.

It has a long jaw with a blunt head and has small black spots on its body, head, and fins. The underside of its jaw has yellow or red streaks.

Habitat and Lifestyle

Cutthroat trout habitats in rivers, streams, dams, falls, undercut banks, current edges, etc.

It requires well-oxygenated, cold, and moderately deep water to survive. This fish can go as deep as 200m. During drought and winter, these fish take refuge in beaver ponds.

Finding and Catching

This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.

This fish species is a resident of cold-water tributaries of North America, including the Great Basin, Rocky Mountains, and the Pacific Ocean.

One of the best methods to catch cutthroat trout is fly fishing. Other effective way include spin casting, bait casting, and still casting.

Peak Season

Summer is the best season to fish cutthroat trout. April to December are the best months to catch this fish species.

It would be better to avoid fishing this species during winter as it?s more focused on feeding. Additionally, it gets lethargic due to cold weather.

During winter, choose to fish when the weather is warm as it tends to come up near the surface, making it easier to spot.

Best Bait

To catch Cutthroat trout, these are the best baits that you can use:

  • Jigs
  • Spoons
  • Cured fish roe
  • Insects