The Bowfin is a freshwater fish found in the waters of North America and belongs to the Amia Calva family; and it is also commonly known as beaver-fish.

They can be located in water bodies like swamps, muddy waters, rivers, lakes, etc. This fish species is known for being able to breathe air even when water levels are low. When water dries up, they can survive for long periods by breathing in the air under mud.


The Bowfin has a skin tone similar to the color of swamps. They exhibit brown and olive-green colors with black stripes across the whole body and face. It?s black spots on the tail fin confuses other animals into thinking that those are eyes.

The head of the Bowfin is similar to that of snakeheads though they are not related. It has a long cylindrical body with a lengthy dorsal fin.

Habitat and Lifestyle

The Bowfin is a species native to the freshwaters in Northern America. It is sometimes referred to as swamp trout, beaver-fish, mudfish, etc., because of the backwater bodies they live in.

They swim around the grass and weeds in the river bodies looking for prey. They are at the top of the food chain in the water bodies that they inhabit, so they are known for eating almost anything.

Finding and Catching

This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.

You can find Bowfin in the inland sites of the coastal lowlands where the tide reaches but not the salinity. Such areas are where you will find large bowfins. They will also be found in wetlands and swamps with fallen logs, as they find those places secure from predators.

The best way to catch them is trolling or drift fishing in the swamps on your boat.

Peak Season

The peak season for catching Bowfins is from early April to June.

Best Bait

  • Leeches
  • Spoons
  • Jigs
  • Spinner Baits