Common name: Bluegill
Scientific name: Lepomis macrochirus
Bluegills are freshwater fish that is native to the waters across North America.

The Bluegills are somewhat flexible around the fins, which helps them swim backward; this backward movement is comparatively slow than regular, forward swimming.


Bluegill has flat and compressed bodies with small mouths. The body is olive green or yellowish in color and has blue parts around the opercle, which is why they are called ?Bluegill .?They also have olive green vertical marks on their body.

Their large dorsal fin is continuous and spiny in the front and soft at the back. The anal fins are large and indented. Bluegills are 4 to 6 inches long on average, but some even grow to about 16 inches and weigh around 5 lbs.

Habitat and Lifestyle

The Bluegill?s habitat is distributed across Quebec to northern Mexico. The Great Lakes and Mississippi river systems are prominent places of their existence.

Bluegills are fast-breeding fishes, and some even start spawning at 4 months old, depending on the environment. They highly rely on their vision to hunt prey, and their body structure helps them move swiftly through the waters.

The average lifespan of a Bluegill is 5 to 8 years, but some live up to 11.

Finding and Catching

This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.

Bluegills are found in shallow, slow-moving waters such as creeks, streams, lakes, rivers, and ponds. You should search someplace with lots of aquatic plants if you want to succeed in your fishing game; weeds, logs, and other underwater structures are prominent places to find Bluegills.

Fishing for bluegills is effortless; you can do it easily from the shore. But once they escape to the open waters, leave them as is because you probably will have a hard time. You will have a better catch during dawn or dusk hours of the day.

Peak Season

You will spot Bluegills in large numbers from May to June; this is their spawning season, occupying the shallow waters.

Best Bait

  • Cricket
  • Earthworm
  • Minnows
  • Shrimp