Common name: Bluefish
Scientific name: Pomatomus saltatrix

Bluefish are saltwater fish known for their cannibalistic abilities. They are fast swimmers distributed across vast regions of the temperate waters of the world and are pelagic species of fish that can travel long distances.

They are favored among marine food and considered game fish. They are important commercial and recreational fish.


Bluefish have long, stout bodies with a flat belly. The dorsal part of their body is bluish-green, while the ventral part is silvery white. They have a pointed snout; the mouth is large, and the teeth are triangular, sharp, and jaw-like.

The Bluefish’s first dorsal fin is short and spiny, while the second is long and has soft rays. Their caudal fin is broad and forked; a characteristic dark spot is behind the pectoral fins.

The average size of a Bluefish is between 8 to 24 inches and can weigh up to 31 lbs.

Habitat and Lifestyle

The Bluefish live in tropical and subtropical waters. They inhabit the waters around eastern America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia, and the Mediterranean and Black seas. They migrate south during the winter months.

Bluefish spawn twice a year, during the spring and summer. Their average lifespan is 9 years. They feed on a large number of fish, particularly schools of mackerel and herring; however, they kill more than they eat.

Finding and Catching

This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.

You can find a Bluefish around coastal areas near the beaches, estuaries, or rock headlands. Not only that, but you will also spot them offshore in the open waters, moving in groups of schools.

Fishing from the shore and an inflatable can work well for a big catch. You will have a better catch from late evening to a little past midnight.

Peak Season

The best season to find Bluefish is between May to November.

Best Bait

  • Cut mullet
  • Live shrimp
  • Mackerel
  • Squid