Bluefin tuna

Common name: Bluefin Tuna
Scientific name: Thunnus thynnus

The Bluefish Tuna is the largest tuna and belongs to the Scombridae family. There are three types of Bluefish tuna? The Atlantic, Pacific, and Southern, and the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna is the largest among them.

Due to the market demand and consequent overfishing, the Bluefish Tuna has become an endangered species.


Bluefin Tuna have a conical head with a large mouth. The Bluefin Tuna has short pectoral fins compared to other family members, and its tail fin is large and forked.

The dorsal part of a Bluefin Tuna’s body is dark blue, while the ventral part is gray, which helps them camouflage. Their bodies are also covered in a gold shimmer. They have sharp, needle-like teeth.

Their maximum recorded size is around 2 to 3 m in length, and they can weigh up to 1500 lbs.

Habitat and Lifestyle

While the Bluefin Tuna is native to the western and eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea is one of the most prominent Bluefin fisheries in the world. They can survive in the colder and warmer parts of the oceans and are also popularly spotted in the Gulf of Mexico.

They prey on schools of smaller fish and have an average lifespan of 15 years but can live up to 40 years. The Bluefin Tuna have a sharp vision that assists them in their hunts; they often move in schools with fishes of the same or different species.

Finding and Catching

This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.

The Bluefish Tuna can be found on the surface and deep inside the ocean. Most live very deep in the oceans, around 1000 m, and it is challenging to be fished from the shores.

So, if you wish to catch one, you will need a rigid boat to go offshore.

Peak Season

You can find a large number of Bluefin Tuna between June to November.

Best Bait

  • Herring
  • Mackerel
  • Skipjack
  • Squid