Black grouper

Black Grouper is also known as the black rockfish or marble fish. Its scientific name is Mycteroperca bonaci, and a species of marine ray-finned fish.

Black Grouper is primarily found in the Western Atlantic Ocean over rocky and coral reef bottoms from Massachusetts to Brazil.


Black Grouper has a compressed or flat body that is oblong in shape. The fish can be identified for its olive/gray-colored body that has black or brassy spots, and it can grow up to a length of 150 centimeters.

Black Grouper have powerful jaws and teeth, which help them catch their prey easily. One unique thing about Black Grouper is the teeth plates inside their throat to help them escape when a larger prey swallows them.

Habitat and Lifestyle

Black Grouper can be found mainly in the Western Atlantic Ocean over rocky and coral reefs of Massachusetts to Brazil. This fish can grow up to 150 centimeters and weigh up to 180 pounds.

Most Black Groupers begin life as females, but some grow into males. This change in sex takes place when they are 15 years old. This fish can live up to 30 years!

The young Groupers feed on crustaceans, shrimps, etc., and the adult Black Groupers feed on fishes such as grunts, snapper, herrings, and squids.

Finding and Catching

This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.

Black Groupers thrive on rocky and coral reefs. They can be found mainly in the Western Atlantic Ocean, reefs of North Carolina, and also in the Gulf of Mexico.

One can quickly identify the Black Grouper with an oval-shaped body with dark blotches. Since they are found in the deep coral reefs, you can fish them on an inflatable or rigid boat with the help of a rod and reel.

Peak Season

The peak season of Black Grouper and the best time to catch them is from January to April.

Best Bait

Best baits to catch Black Grouper

  • Crabs
  • Jigs
  • Shrimps