Atlantic salmon

Atlantic salmon, scientific name, Salmo salar is a genus of ray-finned fish belonging to the Salmonidae family. Also known as King of Fish, Atlantic salmon is anadromous, meaning it can exist in both fresh and sea water. Its average life expectancy is about 4-6 years.

It is widely found in the North Atlantic Ocean. At present, it is prohibited in the US to catch Atlantic fish as it is considered an endangered species.


Atlantic salmon typically has a body length of 30 inches and weighs over 10 lbs. The maximum size recorded is 63 inches long weighing about 100 lbs. It has impressive body with even teeth.

Body shades vary and depend upon the type of water and age. The young ones have brownish-bronze body with vertical red and black marks while in fresh water and as they age and migrate to the sea, they change to gleaming silver-black backs and solid white stomachs.

Adults have conspicuous black spots over the lateral line as they migrate to river for spawning and on returning to the sea, they appear silvery again.

Habitat and Lifestyle

Atlantic salmon are a cold-water species of fish that are susceptible to alterations in water temperature. They spawn in freshwater habitation, and stay in rivers, streams, and estuaries as they mature.

On maturity, they migrate into the sea, and inhabit sea waterways.

The younger and juvenile fish feed mainly on invertebrates including planktons, fish eggs, insect larvae, sea worms, insects, etc. Adults feed mostly on small fish such as smelt, capelin, cod, eels, shrimps, mackerel, herring, sand lance, etc.

Finding and Catching

This fish can be caught from an inflatable boat or kayak.

Atlantic salmon are usually found in

  • Backflow
  • Small pointed waves
  • Ripples, swirls, currents, and sprays
  • Rock and boulder pockets
  • Merging currents,
  • Dams and falls
  • Undercuts
  • Drop-offs

To catch Atlantic salmon, anglers use an effective fishing method called swing as it has exceptional leaping skills. This process involves placing the bait downstream at a 45-degree angle letting it float on the current and swing by the fish.

Anglers catch Atlantic salmon on a boat in the open sea by using excellent fishing methods such as

  • Jigging
  • Still fishing
  • Fly fishing
  • Trolling
  • Drifting

Peak Season

June to August

Best Bait

  • Flies
  • Cured fish roe
  • Plugs
  • Cut bait
  • Spoons
  • Spinner baits
  • Live saltwater fishing lure
  • Freshwater live bait